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ѤҪԡ
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ʶԵ

: 4529210
й 13 ؤŷ ͹Ź
բͧʧ PDF

ͧյҧ ѵԴҡüͧʧ ʧҨԴҡʧ§ 3 ѹ ʧ 3 ʧᴧ ʧ ʧչԹ ¡ ջ жҹʧԴҡüѹͧջ 2 ѹԴ շص շصըդᵡҧѹдѺФҧͧʧ ѧҾ

ͧѵطʧµͧʧз͹ҡѵعҢͧ բͧѵءѺسҾͧʧз͹鹴 ѵչԹз͹ʧչԹ͡ҡش з͹ʧբҧ§͡仺ҧ硹 дٴ׹ʧ ǹѵᴧз͹ʧʹ͡ҡش ʧ§з͹͡硹 дش׹ʧ ѺѵմӨдٴ׹ءʧз͹Ѻ§硹ҹ

໡ͧʧ PDF

    ʧҡǧҷԵʧ öԫ¡ʧͧСͺͧʧ͡ҡѹᶺյҧ 7 §Դѹ ¡ᶺշ§Դѹ

 ͧͤ: ʧ (Visible light)  ǧʧöͧѵյҧ

Ҿʴ໡ͧʧ

 

ҡó駡Թ 繻ҡóҧҵԷ´ӽͧӷ˹ҷ繻ԫ ʧҡǧҷԵͧŧҨԴѡ˷Դᶺպͧ

ҾʴԴ໡駢ͧʧʧҹԫ

 

ҡҾʧᴧ͹ǡʧǧ ʧᴧ¹ȷҧ͹¡ʧǧ ˵طԴáШ¢ͧʧ§ѹᶺԴ

ԡԧе ͧ͡ҷ§çش PDF
ҹ...
ֹ PDF
 

ֹ

          蹼ǹӷѡѹԴҡçѴ ѧҹŹҡҡȶ١·ʹǹӷԴ Ҵͧ蹨֧Ѻ ҡҾҡؾѴ 蹡բҴ˭仴 ҾԤطèդ٧ҳ 3 Դ Ҩդ٧֧ 10
          ֹ (Tsunami) 繤蹢Ҵѡ “” ҭ “” “” 蹹 ǻ͡һ ͡Ѻҡ繤蹢ҴѡѴª½ ֹԴҡ͹ͧҡ ҡԴҡç͹ Դ 蹴Թ ͧŶ ءҺҵ觪ط ç͹蹹Դѡհҹҧ 100 ٧§ 1 ͹¤ǻҳ 700 – 800 õͪ ͤԹҧ½ ҾͧŷԹŴѴǨհҹҧ 2 – 3 ٧֧ 10 – 30 ͡зҡѺ½觨֧Դ¾Ժѵ ͷͧ˵آͧԴֹҧͧ еͧ֡㨤鹰ҹѧ仹
 

ԡѺ


ֹԨҡش价š

͹仵ѹط (ridge)

 ͹Ѻ÷ö仵ҧ

 

     öֹͧ͹ѹҤ ա§Դ鹡Ѻᶺͺ طԹ кҧͿԡҵա§ҹҹ ѹçѧԹҧ᷺ͺš鹷ҧѹһҴҧ ѡԷʵͧҧʹҤ͹仵ѹط (ridge) ͹Ѻ÷ö仵ҧ

     ¡Ҿ¨ҡСèͧҧ ѡԷʵʴѹͧŪ the Southwest Indian Ocean Ridge (ǹ͹-§硹-dzçҧ͹ҢҧҧͧҾ) the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (§ ҡdzͧԨٴ 0 ͧ价ҧ˹) Ǻȷҧͧ蹼ҹط͵Źԡ

the Southeast Indian Ridge ӷҧ͹мҹطừԿԡ

㹢з the Southeast Indian Ridge (dzҧҢͧҾ), Pacific-Antarctic Ridge (dzҧҢͧҾ), the East Pacific Rise (dzҧ¢ͧҾ) ӷҧ͹мҹطừԿԡ

ѡԷʵ֡ͧ觹 Vasily Titov National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) ͧѴâ-ŧͧ㹺dzҧ طô ѴдѺ٧ͧ蹷͹ҹ ТŷҹŷһҴ㨵Ҿҧ (öҾѴ http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/data/1114576/DC1/1 Ҿ͹ǨͧԹҧֹͧ价š
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/vol0/issue2005/

images/data/1114576/DC1/1114576s1.mov )

ͧѴӹǹҡطԹ·ӧҹԴ

ҡͧѴdzҧ Ҥ蹷͹dz Callao ͧ (ѧࡵѭѡɳӡǧdzеԨٴ 10 ͧ ͧԨٴ 80 ͧҵѹ) кdz Nova Scotia ᤹ͧҴ (ѧࡵѭѡɳӡǧdzеԨٴ 45 ͧ˹ ͧԨٴ 65 ͧҵѹ) բҴ˭Ҥ蹷 Cocos (еԨٴ 10 ͧ ͧԨٴ 95 ͧҵѹ͡) Ыٹҧ蹴Թǡҷͧҡ ҧáͧѴӹǹҡطԹ·ӧҹԴشѹ觼ҴŢͧdzҴҨо蹢Ҵ˭شҧ (֡ҵ˹觢ͧʶҹҧ ҡἹ͹Ź
http://worldatlas.com )

ŷѴdzѹҧŨҡ觡ԴֹԷͧ觹ʹͧѺ鹷ҧԹҧͧ蹼ҹطҧ

ͧѴdz֧ͧաͧͷ Manzanillo 㹻硫 Arica 㹻Ȫ ѹ֡蹷դ٧ҡ 20 繤٧㹢Ҵ Ѻ蹷ҹ Cocos Шشͧ繨ششԹҧͧ蹫ԹҧŶ֧ 12,000 (7,500 .) ҡٹҧ蹴Թ

¡Ѻ÷ö俤٧仵ҧ ֹͤ觡зҡѺشѡǵѹ ǹ˹觢ͧ蹨͹仵ѹӹ ǹͧ蹷ͨеҧ仵ѹо͡աȷҧ

ҧ˹觤ͤ蹷͹ҡҵ价ҧѹ§ the Southwest Indian Ocean Ridge ҡзشѡѹҶ֧ the Mid-Atlantic Ridge §鹷ҧ˹ ѧҹͧ蹺ҧǹջԡ˹ աǹǹҡ ѹ价dzҧѹͧ͡ջԡ
 

ѧҹͧ蹨ҡ蹴Թ ˹˹ö͹ط÷š

ҧá ѹͧط觼ŵͷȷҧͧ蹷¾鹷ͺطԹҧ ¹ŧͧ㹵͹á᤺ҡԴ蹴ԹŴ¾ѧҹͧ͡

㹢з§ҹ¨ҡֹµç㹺dz͡ᶺطԹ ֡ҹʴҾѧҹͧ蹨ҡ蹴Թ ˹˹ö͹ط÷š

“èֹͧͧͧ͹ͧطԴöѺҡԸաѴдѺâ-ŧͧ” ѡԷʵ¹ “ӤѭҧѺdzطԴ觢ҡ”

ҧԧ

- ͡ҧԧ Titov et al., The Global Reach of the 26 December 2004

Sumatra Tsunami, Science 2005 0: 11145761

Echocardiogram PDF

õǨ㨴¤§٧

Echocardiogram

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     ѡз͹Ѻͧ§٧ 觨觼ҹѧǧ͡件֧ǵǨԴ ͤ§٧ ҹеҧԴѭҳз͹Ѻ ᵡҧѹҧ йѭҳҹҧҾ ѧ Ҿ繡㨢ͧ   Echocardiogram ֧ ᾷöԹԨä ҡóä ǨҤعç Դšѡ ä ʹʹҧ ԷҾ ੾ҧ äԴ ä㨾ԡ   ä㨾ԡ   äͧ ҧáԸչʹʹµç ҨҾ Ѵਹ㹼·ǹͼҡ նا觾ͧ ͧҡѹҡȢѴҧ§٧

õǨ Echo 2 Ըդ

1. Ǩ¡ǵǨ Ǩdzѧǧ͡ҹ͡ (Tran Thoracic Echocardiogram) 繡õǨ ӡѹ Ըաä͹ҧ 纵 ѹ   ͵Ǩº ҹöҺšõǨѹ
2. Ǩ¡ǵǨ ʹҹͧҡ ʹ 繵˹觴ҹѧͧµç (Tran Esophageal Echocardiogram)  õǨԸչ öǨçҧͧ ʹʹҹѧ ͧº ѧͧ ѴਹԸá ԸչѺºҧ   ѧ˹͡ ˹ҡ (ǹ) 繵 õǨԸչ鷴᷹õǨԸá з੾·բͺ觪ҹ ͧҡҨѹµʹ 羺ҡ ¡ 0.5

ǡ͹Ǩ

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õǨ Echo ö㹼·ء зʵդ ¨Դѹ 駹ͧҡ ա ѧǢͧ繡ªҡ§ҹ

echomvp.jpg (17211 bytes)
ҧҾ (Դ)
ҡõǨ㨴¤§٧

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